"It comes as no surprise then that cities across the world are becoming increasingly homogenous spatially and experientially. As global citizens we can visit almost any city, and comfortably roam the streets and witness familiar sights, tastes, and smells.
Yet, this comfort often comes at the cost of the well-being of millions of urban poor (often members of ethnic and religious minorities) who are pushed out to the peripheries often through direct state repression. Consider, for instance, the fishing communities in cities ranging from Colombo to Maputo whose livelihoods are threatened by upcoming luxury hotels and apartments fuelled by foreign investments, built on city coasts. Or, residents of squatter settlements in cities such as Islamabad, Mumbai, Lagos, or Dhaka who continuously resist state authorities in order to avoid being evicted from their homes. Frequently beaten up, arrested, tear-gassed and intimidated, they witness a state that prefers to make way for parks, luxury apartments, roads, or large-scale events. While such forms of displacement are dehumanizing in themselves, it is not uncommon for the marginalized to be blamed for the conditions they live in by more powerful and dominant groups. In effect, the direction that cities around the world are headed in seeks to further marginalize the already marginalized, and render them invisible through the rhetoric of development and progress.”
Calvino’s Tales And The City | Invisible Cities on Tanqeed by Fizzah Sajjad & Hala Bashir Malik